Here is an interesting listing of reports about Nutrition and Immune Support

Source:  Oxford University Press

Themed Collection: Nutrition and Immune Support

Themed Collection: Nutrition and Immune Support

May 2020

The current COVID-19 global pandemic has brought awareness to the complexities of the relationship between infections and noncommunicable diseases, and the double burden of malnutrition. Because of this, the editors of the American Society for Nutrition journals have thoughtfully curated a themed collection of articles highlighting the current knowledge of nutrition and immune function, in a continued effort to bring you timely and relevant content to advance knowledge and learning in the field of nutrition.

Article topics in this collection range from infant feeding for improved cytokine status; to vitamin E requirements, zinc supplementation, and fruit and vegetable consumption in older adults for optional immune response; to vitamin A supplementation for both improved H1N1 vaccination responses and reduced mortality in the Ebola Virus outbreak; and so much more. We hope you enjoy reading this collection!

Interested in submitting your COVID-19 research to an ASN journal? Learn more

ADVANCES IN NUTRITION

The Role of Zinc in Antiviral Immunity

Scott A Read, Stephanie Obeid, Chantelle Ahlenstiel, Golo Ahlenstiel
The Role of Zinc in Antiviral ImmunityZinc is an essential trace element that is crucial for growth, development, and the maintenance of immune function.

Effect of Flavonoids on Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Immune Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Vaughan S Somerville, Andrea J Braakhuis, Will G Hopkins
Effect of Flavonoids on Upper Respiratory Tract Infections and Immune Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisPrevious research on animals indicates flavonoid compounds have immunomodulatory properties; however, human research remains inconclusive.

Dietary Selenium in Adjuvant Therapy of Viral and Bacterial Infections

Holger Steinbrenner, Saleh Al-Quraishy, Mohamed A Dkhil, Frank Wunderlich, Helmut Sies
Dietary Selenium in Adjuvant Therapy of Viral and Bacterial InfectionsViral and bacterial infections are often associated with deficiencies in macronutrients and micronutrients, including the essential trace element selenium.

Vegetarian-Based Dietary Patterns and their Relation with Inflammatory and Immune Biomarkers: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Joel C Craddock, Elizabeth P Neale, Gregory E Peoples, Yasmine C Probst
Vegetarian-Based Dietary Patterns and their Relation with Inflammatory and Immune Biomarkers: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisDietary patterns with substantial proportions of energy from plant sources have been associated with favorable biomarkers of low-grade inflammation.

Perspective: Should Vitamin E Recommendations for Older Adults Be Increased?

Simin Nikbin Meydani, Erin Diane Lewis, Dayong Wu
Perspective: Should Vitamin E Recommendations for Older Adults Be Increased? Current vitamin E requirements are uniformly applied across the population for those >14 y of age.

Energy, Protein, Carbohydrate, and Lipid Intakes and Their Effects on Morbidity and Mortality in Critically Ill Adult Patients: A Systematic Review

Anna Patkova, Vera Joskova, Eduard Havel, Miroslav Kovarik, Monika Kucharova, Zdenek Zadak, Miloslav Hronek
Energy, Protein, Carbohydrate, and Lipid Intakes and Their Effects on Morbidity and Mortality in Critically Ill Adult Patients: A Systematic ReviewThe guidelines for nutritional support in critically ill adult patients differ in various aspects.

Vitamin D and Influenza

Maria E. Sundaram, Laura A. Coleman
Vitamin D and Influenza Vitamin D has become increasingly recognized in the literature for its extra-skeletal roles, including an effect on inflammation and the immune response to infection.

THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION

Similar to Those Who Are Breastfed, Infants Fed a Formula Containing 2′-Fucosyllactose Have Lower Inflammatory Cytokines in a Randomized Controlled Trial

Karen C Goehring, Barbara J Marriage, Jeffery S Oliver, Julie A Wilder, Edward G Barrett, Rachael H Buck
Similar to Those Who Are Breastfed, Infants Fed a Formula Containing 2′-Fucosyllactose Have Lower Inflammatory Cytokines in a Randomized Controlled TrialEvidence suggests that human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) provide multiple benefits to infants, including prebiotic effects, gut maturation, antimicrobial activities, and immune modulation.

Vitamin A Supplementation Was Associated with Reduced Mortality in Patients with Ebola Virus Disease during the West African Outbreak

Adam R Aluisio, Shiromi M Perera, Derrick Yam, Stephanie Garbern, Jillian L Peters, Logan Abel, Daniel K Cho, Stephen B Kennedy, Moses Massaquoi, Foday Sahr, Suzanne Brinkmann, Lindsey Locks, Tao Liu, Adam C Levine
Vitamin A Supplementation Was Associated with Reduced Mortality in Patients with Ebola Virus Disease during the West African OutbreakMicronutrient supplementation is recommended in Ebola virus disease (EVD); however, there are limited data on therapeutic impacts of specific micronutrients.

Vitamin A Supplementation during Pregnancy Enhances Pandemic H1N1 Vaccine Response in Mothers, but Enhancement of Transplacental Antibody Transfer May Depend on When Mothers Are Vaccinated during Pregnancy

Shaikh M Ahmad, Md J Alam, Afsana Khanam, Mamunur Rashid, Sharmin Islam, Yearul Kabir, Rubhana Raqib, Mark C Steinhoff
Vitamin A Supplementation during Pregnancy Enhances Pandemic H1N1 Vaccine Response in Mothers, but Enhancement of Transplacental Antibody Transfer May Depend on When Mothers Are Vaccinated during PregnancyIn the growing embryo, the vitamin A requirement is tightly regulated.

Inflammation and Nutritional Science for Programs/Policies and Interpretation of Research Evidence (INSPIRE)

Daniel J Raiten, Fayrouz A Sakr Ashour, A Catharine Ross, Simin N Meydani, Harry D Dawson, Charles B Stephensen, Bernard J Brabin, Parminder S Suchdev, Ben van Ommen, the INSPIRE Consultative Group
Inflammation and Nutritional Science for Programs/Policies and Interpretation of Research Evidence (INSPIRE) An increasing recognition has emerged of the complexities of the global health agenda—specifically, the collision of infections and noncommunicable diseases and the dual burden of over- and undernutrition.

Increased Intake of Carbohydrates from Sources with a Higher Glycemic Index and Lower Consumption of Whole Grains during Puberty Are Prospectively Associated with Higher IL-6 Concentrations in Younger Adulthood among Healthy Individuals

Janina Goletzke, Anette E. Buyken, Gesa Joslowski, Katja Bolzenius, Thomas Remer, Maren Carstensen, Sarah Egert, Ute Nöthlings, Wolfgang Rathmann, Michael Roden, Christian Herder
Increased Intake of Carbohydrates from Sources with a Higher Glycemic Index and Lower Consumption of Whole Grains during Puberty Are Prospectively Associated with Higher IL-6 Concentrations in Younger Adulthood among Healthy Individuals Chronic low-grade inflammation represents a likely intermediary in the relation between carbohydrate nutrition and both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Epigenetics of Inflammation, Maternal Infection, and Nutrition

Kate J Claycombe, Catherine A Brissette, Othman Ghribi
Epigenetics of Inflammation, Maternal Infection, and NutritionStudies have demonstrated that epigenetic changes such as DNA methylation, histone modification, and chromatin remodeling are linked to an increased inflammatory response as well as increased risk of chronic disease development.

THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION

Effect of zinc supplementation on serum zinc concentration and T cell proliferation in nursing home elderly: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Junaidah B Barnett, Maria C Dao, Davidson H Hamer, Ruth Kandel, Gary Brandeis, Dayong Wu, Gerard E Dallal, Paul F Jacques, Robert Schreiber, Eunhee Kong, Simin N Meydani
Effect of zinc supplementation on serum zinc concentration and T cell proliferation in nursing home elderly: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trialZinc is essential for the regulation of immune response.

Effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on immune function in older people: a randomized controlled trial

Andrew Gibson, J David Edgar, Charlotte E Neville, Sarah ECM Gilchrist, Michelle C McKinley, Chris C Patterson, Ian S Young, Jayne V Woodside
Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake, which is often low in older people, is associated with reduced chronic disease risk.

Evidence of gut enteropathy and factors associated with undernutrition among slum-dwelling adults in Bangladesh

Shah Mohammad Fahim, Subhasish Das, Md Amran Gazi, Md Ashraful Alam, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed
Evidence of gut enteropathy and factors associated with undernutrition among slum-dwelling adults in BangladeshThe postoperative inflammatory response contributes to tissue healing and recovery but overwhelming inflammation is associated with postoperative complications.

Effects of perioperative intravenous ω-3 fatty acids in colon cancer patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

Nathalie Bakker, Rick S van den Helder, Eline Stoutjesdijk, Johannes van Pelt, Alexander P J Houdijk
Effects of perioperative intravenous ω-3 fatty acids in colon cancer patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trialThe postoperative inflammatory response contributes to tissue healing and recovery but overwhelming inflammation is associated with postoperative complications.

Efficacy of zinc given as an adjunct in the treatment of severe and very severe pneumonia in hospitalized children 2–24 mo of age: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Nitya Wadhwa, Aruna Chandran, Satinder Aneja, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil K Kabra, Mona K Chaturvedi, Jitender Sodhi, Sean P Fitzwater, Jagdish Chandra, Bimbadhar Rath, Udaypal S Kainth, Savita Saini, Robert E Black, Mathuram Santosham, Shinjini Bhatnagar
Efficacy of zinc given as an adjunct in the treatment of severe and very severe pneumonia in hospitalized children 2–24 mo of age: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial Pneumonia is a leading cause of death; in India, an estimated 370,000 children die of pneumonia each year.

About Rufus Greenbaum

Private individual interested in Preventive Health and spreading information about the positive benefits of Vitamin D.
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